EPO: What We Know, And What We Don’t, About The Blood-Doping Threat

When Lance Armstrong confessed in 2013 to taking Epogen to boost production of oxygen-carrying red blood cells, horse racing fans began looking behind every tree for the boogeyman called erythropoietin, or EPO. Many had long suspected EPO had risen to prominence in horse racing in the 1990s alongside anabolic steroids, and news that one of […]

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Tricks Of The Trade: How EPO Used For Blood-Doping A Horse

Erythropoietin is a hormone produced naturally by the kidney that helps regulate the production of red blood cells. Epogen is a drug developed by scientists in the 1980s to treat human diseases like anemia, where red blood cell counts are insufficiently low. Epogen, or EPO for short, quickly found its way into human sports as the […]

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Test Results Show Cobalt Abuse ‘Likely Occurring on a Daily Basis’ in Indiana

The Indiana Horse Racing Commission will consider emergency rules next Thursday, Sept. 4, to regulate cobalt, a potentially dangerous substance to horses that many believe mimics blood-doping agents like erythropoietin (EPO). If the commission approves the recommendations made by executive director Joe Gorajec, Indiana will become the first North American racing jurisdiction to regulate cobalt. If […]

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Australian trainers allege widespread EPO use

Several Australian racing profesionals have come forward recently to say that sophisticated drug cheating is common in well-known stables in the country. The trainers and veternarians said that one of the drug combinations of choice is sodium bicarbonate combined with erythropoietin, also known as EPO. Trainers using EPO are difficult to catch due to the […]

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By Ray PaulickThe Kentucky Horse Racing Commission, stung by the recent disclosure by its former chief veterinarian that no testing for TCO2 loading (also known as milkshakes) was conducted at the Ellis Park Thoroughbred meeting this summer, is facing another embarrassment involving its impotence over positive tests for blood-doping agents in four horses at the […]

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Two years ago, Deep Impact, a two-time Horse of the Year in Japan, traveled to Paris to take on the world’s best grass runners in the Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe. Thousands of Japanese fans followed the horse to France and bet with such confidence that Deep Impact was the odds-on favorite to win what […]

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The recent out-of-competition blood-doping tests for horses trained by the red-hot Bruce Levine at Monmouth Park were not the first such inquiry in New Jersey and won’t be the last, promises Frank Zanzuccki, the veteran executive director of the New Jersey Racing Commission.   Levine’s horses tested clean for blood-doping agents, better known as erythropoietin, […]

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