bacteria

Some Anti-Inflammatories May Increase Risk Of Colic Complication

The University of North Carolina has recently completed a study that indicates that one of the best ways to reduce a complication of small intestinal strangulating obstruction (SISO) is by choosing the correct pain medication. Endotoxemia occurs when a bacterial toxin crosses the gut lining, initiating a large immune response and causing shock. This happens […]

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Grain And Colic: Is There A Connection?

Straight grains, like corn, barley, sweet feed or oats, can contribute to the onset of colic in horses. Bagged feeds, which have higher-fiber ingredients, are processed so they are gentler on equine digestive tracts. The equine small intestine cannot absorb loads of starch at one time; what can’t be absorbed goes into the large intestine, […]

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Peritonitis: Not Always A Secondary Condition

Peritonitis is a painful inflammation of peritoneum, the tissue that lines the abdomen and supports most abdominal organs. Often seen as a complication in horses that have had abdominal surgery, a ruptured bowel or injury to the abdominal cavity, if left untreated it can lead to organ failure and death. Though often associated with prolonged […]

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Thrush: A Smelly Situation

Soggy spring weather can do more than make hooves pliable — it can bring on thrush, a smelly infection of the frog that causes a thick, black discharge. While mud itself might not bring on cases of thrush, if there is any organic matter in the mud, like urine or manure, the destruction of the […]

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Vaccination For ‘Swamp Cancer’ Approved For Chincoteague Ponies

The Chincoteague Volunteer Fire Company has announced that Chincoteague ponies will begin the multi-round vaccination protocol for “swamp cancer.” Pythium insidiosum, a bacteria carried in water, causes pythiosis, a fungus-like infection that affects hooves and legs; the bacteria enter small cuts on horse’s legs when they step into infected waters. The condition is extremely painful […]

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Biofilms Make Bacterial Endometritis Treatment Tricky

Bacterial endometritis, an infection of the uterine mucosa, can wreak havoc on mares involved in a breeding program. The infection creates a hostile environment for the survival of both sperm and embryos. Traditional treatment with antimicrobials may not be enough to clear the infection if it creates a biofilm, which can be up to 1,000 […]

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Can Diet Deter Skin Issues In Horses?

Scratches, also known as mud fever, pastern dermatitis or grease heel, is an infection that occurs on the back of a horse’s heels, but can spread up a horse’s cannon bones. Scratches can occur in horses that are turned out in wet or muddy conditions, those that have cuts on their legs from insect bites […]

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Equine Bowel Bacteria Correlates With Body Score

Horses with differing body types have been found to have different species of gut microbiomes. The differing species in obese, normal and lean horses may help researchers find microbial solutions to obesity and metabolic issues. Overweight horses encounter a variety of health issues, including insulin resistance and the exacerbation of inflammatory issues like laminitis. Amy […]

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Study Suggests Equine Stem Cells May Be Used To Work Around Antibiotic Resistance

Antibiotic resistance is of great concern in equine medicine. It has recently been found that equine stem cells, which are widely used in horses for musculoskeletal injuries, produce molecules that can be used to fight bacterial infections; these cells may be able to be used as alternatives to antibiotics. The antibacterial properties of mesenchymal stem/stromal […]

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Grass Clippings Not An Appropriate Snack For Horses

While it may be tempting to drop grass clippings from the yard into horse pastures thinking it may be a tasty snack, there could be dire consequences. As horses graze, they choose the grass they want to eat, tear it off and chew it thoroughly. This allows for a steady stream of food in the […]

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