Bonnie: Why I Support the Water Hay Oats Alliance

by | 04.09.2014 | 11:25am
Edward S. “Ned” Bonnie

(Editor's Note: Ned Bonnie has a unique perspective on medication issues and the federal government's involvement with them, having formerly served as an attorney for the National HBPA in opposing legislation in the U.S. Congress that would regulate the use of drugs in horse racing. During a distinguished legal career, he's played many roles, prosecuting or defending over a thousand horse industry drug cases, helping write medication rules for the United States Equestrian Federation and National Steeplechase Association, and serving on numerous boards and associations. He is currently a member of the Kentucky Horse Racing Commission. In the 20-plus years I've known him, Ned has always come down on the side of the horse. – Ray Paulick)

I am joining WHOA – the Water Hay Oats Alliance. I am one of the many persons who support the Interstate Horse Racing Integrity and Safety (Pitts-Udall HR 2012) Act of 2013. I am joining for a number of reasons which I will summarize in the paragraphs below.

About 30 years ago, I represented the National Horsemen's Benevolent and Protective Association (HBPA) and was deeply involved in negotiations with respect to the introduction of the Corrupt Horse Racing Practices Act of 1980. During this period, I wrote a Law Journal article for the University of Kentucky detailing the problems of horse racing in the 1970s. I traced the reasons for the introduction of said bills and related the discussions, lobbying, and resistance of the horse racing industry to said legislation.

At that time, the racing industry reacted negatively to the thought of federal intervention in medication issues within the pari-mutuel industry. This is an interesting position in light of the racing industry's enthusiasm for and acceptance of the Interstate Horse Racing Act of 1978 which made interstate gambling on horse races legal and subject to federal regulations. However, the industry unanimously opposed the Corrupt Horse Racing Practices Act of 1980 when the Senate and Congress wanted to interfere with state and industry control of medication issues.

The Bill itself was tougher than the Pitts-Udall Bill of 2013 in that it proposed draconian fines and suspensions, disqualified horses and provided for criminal and civil penalties including prison terms for trainers, race track operators and even owners.

Responsibility for enforcement of the Corrupt Horse Racing Practices Act of 1980 was given to the administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) of the Department of Justice.

Within months, a wide variety of horse interest groups developed their own positions on the medication issues, all in an effort to develop a consensus which would forestall the Congressional hearings and effectively answer the questions presented. DOES THIS SOUND FAMILIAR?

The racing  industry was successful in preventing the passage of either the House or Senate bill. The industry was successful in persuading the government that it did not want, or need, federal legislation in the area of racing medication; that the medication issues could not be resolved on a uniform national basis; that the horse owners and tracks within the states had such a dramatically different economic position that the ability to persuade all states to adopt the same rules was an exercise in futility; that the increased costs of such a bill would mean a demise of many medium and small race tracks within each state and that the increase in costs to race tracks occasioned by DEA enforcement would only serve to promote the interest of both the participants in racing who would cheat the public and each other by using undetectable drugs on horses to affect their performance in races.

My client, the National HBPA was pleased that I and others were able to stop federal legislation by essentially promising the senators and congressmen that we would straighten out our own mess and to leave us alone. THIRTY YEARS LATER, WE ARE SINGING THE SAME TUNE.  We are doing the same things again and hoping for a different result.

Between 1982 and 2012, substantial improvements have been made in the identification of drugs forbidden by racing commissions. The industry has also improved research on the permissible levels of therapeutic drugs; have improved the scientific support for the quantitative levels which could affect the performance of a horse and the accuracy of the positive reports.

In order to remain competitive in the field of racing chemistry, racing chemists' laboratories have had to improve the sensitivity of their analytical instruments. Equipment which was adequate to make a specific identification of a forbidden drug in the '80s is now no longer employed. The cost of the new equipment, (enzyme-linked immune-assay machines and mass spectrometry machines), has not only been employed in most, if not all labs, but their costs have increased exponentially. The sensitivity of these more modem analytical machines has made it important that the laboratories and veterinarians specify the time limits for using these drugs on horses. Most of the time and money spent by the laboratories today is on quantifying a list of known therapeutic drugs to ensure that the drugs are no longer having an effect on the horses to which they are given. Over 98% of the “positives” which are announced by upwards of 15 analytical laboratories today are for overages of therapeutic drugs.

However, the bidding for testing contracts with state racing commissions has been very competitive.   Testing laboratories must compete for these contracts so the laboratories who bid the lowest amount usually get the contracts.  To add to the problems with testing laboratories, is the fact that several states have instate testing laboratories who may or may not be held to the same standards as the commercial private laboratories.  Because most of the contracts are price sensitive, there are virtually no provisions in these testing contracts for research on new drugs which  could  affect  the  performance  of horses.    Further,  the  use  of  the  newer  automated equipment, while speeding up the identification process, only tests the unknowns in urine and blood against a printed “library” of drugs for which there are specific identification patterns. The net effect of this situation is that newly discovered drugs employed to affect the performance of horses are not identified sometimes for years after they have been employed in the industry. The most recent example of this situation is the drug called Dermorphin which is also known as frog juice.

In July 2012, I wrote an article that was published in the Blood-Horse stating that the horse industry had failed in its desire to prohibit the use of illegal drugs in horses.
In addition to the inadequacies  of post-race  testing,  the racing  industry  has failed to employ the investigatory techniques all too familiar to law enforcement organizations.

Two recent cases involving the well-known cyclist Lance Armstrong  and trotting horse trainer Lou Pena illustrate this point very well.  The United States anti-drugging agency (USADA) did not successfully  prosecute  Lance  Armstrong  because  of  a  post-race  positive   sample. They successfully  produced  multiple  witnesses  who  testified  that  Lance  Armstrong  had  admitted taking  illegal  substances.    The book,  The Secret Race, was written by  Tyler Hamilton  and Daniel Coyle about Lance Armstrong.  Hamilton was found guilty of doping and exiled from the sport of cycling.   The investigation and prosecution of Lance Armstrong has shown the racing public what can be done with sufficient resources and sophisticated investigation.

Indeed, racing has recently employed some of the same techniques.   Through the joint efforts of investigators for the New  York  State Racing  and Wagering  Board  with the  assistance of the New Jersey Racing Commission, trainer Lou Pena was suspended for illegally drugging horses in nearly 700 races  in  New  York  State  and  amassing  more  than  1,700  equine  drug  violations.    These accusations did not result from any post-race drug or urine test, but from a review of the veterinarians' records. That case is still pending, but the authorities are confident of success. Too little time, expertise and money have been employed in developing new methods of ridding the racing industry of cheaters. It is no wonder that Senator Udall and Congressman Pitts have sought to improve this situation by federally mandated policies and procedures.

In 2010, Luke P. Breslin wrote a substantial law journal article called Reclaiming the Glory in the Sport of Kings – Uniformity is the Answer. Breslin traces the development of thoroughbred horse racing, gambling on horse racing and breeding of the thoroughbred. He also traces the history of performance enhancing drugs and medication in horse racing; testing development and modern day testing procedures. He criticizes the lack of concerns for the health and safety of the horse and the leniency of suspensions on trainers. He refers to the Racing Medication and Testing Consortium (RMTC); the Welfare and Safety Race Horse Summit; the Thoroughbred Safety Committee; and how to facilitate change. His final recommendation is for there to be federal intervention, development of a national governing body which is non-federalized, establishing uniform rules and uniform super laboratories. He stresses the importance of the necessity for working together to improve the state of the sport. He does not produce a formula for financial support of his recommendations.

Another important commentary on drug use in the thoroughbred racing industry is authored by Amy L. (Williams) Kluesner. This review was published in the Harvard Journal of Sports and Entertainment Law in 2012. It is entitled, And They're Off: Eliminating Drug Use in Thoroughbred Racing. Kluesner first talks about the current drug regulations and the need for uniformity.    She then  refers  to  inconsistent  state regulations,  improving  transparency  and uniformed disclosure.  She has comments on the Welfare and Safety of the Race Horse Summit; regulation of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and the debate on anti-bleeding medication. She believes the racing industry is in the home stretch on uniform regulations. She states there are three possibilities for creating a centralized governing body (1) pass – federal legislation; (2) develop a national governing body for thoroughbred racing similar to other sports or (3) allow stake holders within the industry to establish uniform rules and regulations for all 38 racing jurisdictions.  Kluesner does not have a formula for funding these ambitious proposals.

In 2012, Laurel Benson, Executive Editor of the Kentucky Journal of Equine Agriculture and Natural Resources, published a paper: Down the Stretch: Reining in State Approaches Toward a Universal Medication Rule for  Racehorses. This paper evaluates the existing state
guidelines in states containing major race tracks in order to evaluate the potential roadblocks that could present themselves in the move to universal rules.

Benson deals with the conceptions and misconceptions of the racing public regarding the administration of drugs to horses. She contrasts the approach of jurisdictions throughout the world with the multi-approaches used in the United States. She cites the International Federation of Horse Racing Associations (IFHA). She states that the IFHA approach is an example of the way the use of medication rules could be regulated in the United States.

A state-by-state review is contained in the law review article. Current drug testing regimes and investigations are reviewed. In conclusion, various plans are discussed and she emphasizes  that the  lack  of  clear  distinction  between  permissible  and  impermissible  drugs throughout the horse racing industry is a large part of the public's misconception about drugs in horses. The writer states that a national authority is the most effective way to implement strict regulations because it would  have  the authority  to  create rules binding on all pari-mutuel racetracks in the country. She concludes that over-regulation of horse racing is better than the opposite in order to protect the integrity of the competition and to protect the welfare of the horse and jockey.
This writer does not deal with the financial implications of regulations.


In 2013, U.S. Representative Joe Pitts (R-PA-01) and U. S. Senator Tom Udall (D -NM) introduced the Interstate Horse Racing Integrity and Safety Act with the purpose of: banning race day medication and racing horses under the influence of performance enhancing drugs.

Senator Udall states that there are no uniform rules to prohibit performance enhancing drugs and penalize doping violations in horse racing. “Almost all American Thoroughbreds are injected with race day medications, a practice banned by most all other countries. Trainers can violate medication rules multiple times, seemingly with impunity.”
Federal law already regulates interstate or “simulcast” racing for thoroughbred, standardbred (harness) and quarter horses.  This bill applies only to interstate horse racing.

FACT: Industry groups and  state  commissions  have  promised  to  reform  for decades. However, since horse racing lacks a national league or commissioner to set and enforce rules, passing the Interstate Horse Racing Integrity and Safety Act is the only viable way to ensure safety and integrity.

FACT: Nothing in the Interstate Horse Racing Integrity and Safety Act would prohibit a race horse from receiving therapeutic care or drugs. Horses should not race when needing such therapy and banning racing under the influence of drugs would ensure they do not.
After reading the Act, and considering its substantive and financial aspects, I wrote several organizations and posed the following questions:

(1)    Should the racing industry have a National Drug Rule?  If so, what should it be?

(2)    Should the racing industry have a National Enhanced Drug Testing Methodology and a Minimum Standard? How to accomplish this end?

(3)    Should the racing industry have a National Drug Rule Enforcement and Prosecution Policy and method of enforcement?

(4)    Does the racing industry need a Funding Methodology? If so, how to achieve it, and in what amount?

(5)    Can a national drug rule and the accompanying funding and enforcement aspects be passed and implemented in  all racing states without passing a federal law and mandating compliance?  If so, how?

(6)    What should any national racing Organization Structure look like?  How would any such structure, if recommended, be staffed?

In response to my questions, I received letters from the following organizations: American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP); Thoroughbred Horsemen's Association (THA); Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association (TOBA); National Thoroughbred Racing Association (NTRA); National Horsemen's Benevolent & Protective Association  (NHBPA); The Jockey Club (TJC); and Racing Commissioners' International (RCI).

The written responses of each of these organizations would unduly lengthen this presentation by referring specifically to each answer to my questions from each organization. However, generally speaking, the answers to questions 1-6 are as follows:

Question: 1. The racing industry should have a national enhanced drug testing methodology. The Jockey Club has published a template for such a rule. The latest version can be found at here.

Questions 2 and 3:    The racing industry should have a national enhanced drug testing methodology and minimum standards.  Many of the organizations referred to in this paper have been aggressively pursuing  enhanced  drug testing methodology  and minimum  standards for identification of drugs by testing laboratories.    Substantial work has been done by the Racing Medication and Testing Consortium (RMTC) on this issue.   More than $600,000 per year is being spent to improve post-race blood and urine sampling.  However, post-race blood and urine sampling is restricted by the methodology.  New drugs which have not been identified or placed in the computers used by the accredited laboratories do not show up as positives.  Drugs such as Reserpine, EPO, snake venom, and Derrnorphin  are examples of drugs which were used for years in racing prior to tests being developed to find them.  I have referred to this problem in the article I wrote for the Blood-Horse on July 12, 2012. None of the seven responses referred to herein have come up with a mandated  state or federal funding system. Asking state racing commissions and other related organizations to fund enhanced drug tests and enforce existing drug rules in addition to providing enhanced investigatory and prosecution personnel are essentially unfunded mandates at this time.

Neither state agencies nor federal agencies have the funds necessary to implement these ideas. A good example of this type of enhanced investigation and prosecution is typified by the Lance Armstrong case, which the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USDA) prosecuted.

Another example is the investigation and effective prosecution of Lou Pena by the New York State Racing and Wagering Board which subpoenaed trotting horse Pena's veterinary records and found· 700 violations of New York's rules  of racing.

Question 4. Many of the responses have indicated that a national funding  system would be met with stiff resistance from the industry. The RCI has a proposed Interstate Racing Regulatory Compact provision where fees can be levied on the racing industry to pay for compact programs which would include drug testing research, licensing and enforcement. Unfortunately, the regulatory compact legislation has only been passed by Kentucky, Colorado and Virginia. It appears unlikely that an investigatory, prosecutory and enforcement system can be voluntarily achieved.

USADA has demonstrated its abilities in this area.  It is my belief that the racing industry must find a method of financing without calling upon state or federal agencies for .funds.  There are amply  examples  of an industry's  successful  attempts  to  self-fund,  namely  United  States Equestrian Federation (“USEF”).  Although, not proposed in the current draft of his Bill, it has been suggested that an amount measured by a percentage  to be agreed upon be assessed and deducted  from  all  interstate  off-track  wagering  pools  in  all  racing  states  to  support  the responsibilities of USADA.   Although the host racing associations would be charged with the responsibility  of  collecting  said  sums  and  remitting  to  USADA,  the  legislation  would  be amended to include all participants  in interstate  off-track wagering.    That method would not require an amendment to the Interstate Horse Racing Act of 1978, but would simply refer to off­ track wagers which were subject to that federal act.

Question No. 5: Can a national drug rule and the accompanying funding and enforcement aspects be passed and implemented in all racing states without passing a federal law and mandating compliance?

The answer to this question was uniformly negative. All responses indicated that passing a mandatory compliance rule with a funding provision would be difficult and the chances of success would be remote. None of the organizations which I asked to respond to said question indicated that they would be in favor of passing a federal law mandating compliance and funding such a provision.

Question No. 6: What should any national racing organization structure look like? How would any such structure, if recommended, be staffed?

Several respondents indicated that substantial progress was being made in the areas of drug research and education.  As I have stated before, the budget for these areas of interest are being underwritten by voluntary entities such as the Jockey Club, the TOBA, and a few others. The RMTC has moved aggressively to provide industry guidance and enter into agreements to share  data with  the  European  Scientific  Liaison  Committee.    The RMTC  has  aggressively pursued improvements in the laboratory accreditation program.  The question remains whether or not voluntary support of these improvements can or will be sustained by the industry.   I have served on almost every drug testing committee since 1970. My experience has been that without requiring funding as a condition of participation, the programs have all be.en discontinued by lack of funding or interest.

The question remains,  can passing a national  drug rule and the accompanying funding and enforcement aspects be passed and implemented in all racing states without passing a federal law and mandating compliance? Thirty years ago, the industry asked these same questions, and it responded that the industry could and would take the steps necessary to achieve national  uniformity expertise and enforcement. We' are, again, asking the same questions and promising the same answers.

The Interstate Horse Racing Integrity and Safety Act of 2013 is not perfect. However, it provides a framework which can answer both the structural and financial issues in racing. Contrary to many industry pundits, said Act does not tum over to the federal government the administration and control of racing. On the contrary, it turns over only the drugging aspects of racing, and to that end, establishes the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) as an independent, non-profit organization with many of the skills which the thoroughbred and standardbred industries clearly lacks. I believe Travis Tygart and the USADA are prepared to work with the racing industry to write a set of drug rules and administrative and financing rules which will clarify and correct a number of problems which currently exist in the attempt to manage racing in 38 states with 38 sets of rules, administrators, and budgets.

State racing commissions would continue to license associations and participants, but would turn over hearings on drug volations to representatives of USADA and would employ expert investigators and prosecutors to enforce said rules. Finally, appeals from decisions of the USADA hearings would be subjected to final determination by administrative hearings.

Whether the issue is race day medication, limited medication or no medication at all, the issues are the same.

Do we need a uniform drug rule?

If so, what should it say about medication issues?

Should there be improved testing and more aggressive investigatory efforts to find and identify drugs being used on horses to affect their performance?

Should our prosecutorial efforts be more skilled and effective?

Should  these  efforts be funded on a national basis or left to the financial capabilities of each racing state jurisdiction)?
The answer to each of these questions is YES.

Can these rules and their enforcement be left to the judgment, experience, political and financial capabilities of the states and industry groups?

The answer to this question is NO.

I want to join a national group which supports the proposals of the Interstate Horse Racing Integrity and Safety Act of 2013 and with it the employment of the USADA to effectuate these changes.

WHOA is the best organization to help accomplish these ends.

  • Dan Jividen

    Too many words.

  • Sue M. Chapman

    Sign me up.

  • Hamish

    Well considered and spot on, more like a “White Paper” than a commentary. Ned appears to have a “history” in and around the issues we are faced with that may be unmatched.

  • Ben van den Brink

    These are the prohibited substances within the USADA, no wonder that the industry will fight this off till the bitter end, as all the candies are strictly forbidden.

    The clear reason why the complete industry is dooiing nothing In spite of all the words that are set on paper

  • Tinky

    Excellent analysis and sensible conclusions. I’ll add two thoughts.

    While the funding issue appears to be thorny, let’s distill it to its essence. The industry is faced with a simple choice: either continue to allow cheaters to stay years ahead of testing (e.g. Cobalt) and watch handle continue to decline, or figure out a way to spend some serious money, begin to change perception, and stop the bleeding. It’s a multi-billion dollar industry; money is not the problem, it’s a matter of will.

    As I and others (notably the late Charlie Harris) have suggested, require all owners and trainers to sign Sarbanes-Oxley type legal documents prior to racing their horses. They would have to agree to something along these lines:

    Out of competition testing may be used without exceptions; random pre and post-race blood samples may be taken without exceptions; some samples – including those that are “clean” – will be frozen and stored at an accredited facility, using careful, state-of-the-art chain of custody; when tests for newly discovered performance enhancing substances are developed, stored samples may be tested (with no time limitations); whenever any sample is confirmed positive for a non-theraputic PED, the case will be referred to the U.S. Department of Justice for possible Federal prosecution, owners and trainers may be liable for purse clawbacks, and all involved (including vets) will be subject to prison sentences.

    Enact something along those lines and watch what happens to the winning percentages of many of today’s leading trainers.

    • Chantal Smithless

      Your proposal of having all owners and trainers sign an agreement with regard to out of competition testing is thought provoking. And yes, enact something like that and watch the winning percentages of the “Big Boys” plummet!


    • ptrckj7777

      except the leading trainers have the best bred horses, there for have the best chance of winning

  • togahombre

    Most owners are sharp successful business folk, they likely didn’t become successful by blindly throwing money at their employees in hopes of the desired result, they got were they are by being informed and involved, when the participating parties are not in sync with the desires of the funding party, heads generally roll. The trainers only can train when an owner is willing to pay the bills, what owner would continue to pay a trainers bills if they didn’t approve of their methods, to think that the owners are completely in the dark is a trainers fantasy date. Owners are all too aware of methods their trainers employ, effectively punish trainer, owner and vet and you won’t have this question of federal oversight, which would just be another layer of blowhards

    • Louisiana rebel

      It’s all about business, if your not making(or getting close to breaking even) on your horses, most people will not stay in the business long. Simple. As long as people are involved, there will be some that will do things that they shouldn’t. That’s in anything. No we don’t need for the government to step in and do anything. They are wasting enough of our money. Look it’s illegal to have,buy, or sell drugs, but people still do it. The government can’t even stop that. So get real if you think they are gonna do anything to help the situation.

      • Vudu

        Cheating in business?

  • betterthannothing

    Horse racing should only be as big as it can afford to be safely and ethically managed. I am for a national racing authority with strong, uniformed rules and for hiring the USADA and its investigators.

    However, chasing after the scumbags and hoping to catch some of their substances in laboratories, after the fact, is not as efficient, humane and fair as preventing abuse and doping in the first place. The willingness by too many to abuse, cheat and endanger horses and their riders must be stopped at ground zero, that is wherever horses are, including in stalls and vans with:

    1) 24/7 security, surveillance cams and tracking

    2) all meds and supplements supplied by official pharmacies, administered by officials and recorded. Transparent equine medical records.

    • betterthannothing

      uniform rules

  • Bellwether

    Lets see some real ACTION PLEASE!!!…The problems have been found…Time to stomp em out!!!…ty…

    • Billy Direct

      You can’t do anything until everyone accepts that there is far too much veterinary intervention and less and less training and horse management. The fact that the veterinary industry is setting the agenda is doubly harmful: [1] intervening so as to be able to ignore warning signals very often ends in tears. [2] when “medication” is wall to wall, including raceday, then actual doping is one small step for man.
      It might be an idea to stop flinging the term “horseman” around quite so liberally for a start – in 60 years the number that I have met that I’d award that title remain in single figures: I mean people who can do things with horses that other people cannot.

      • betterthannothing

        “The fact that the veterinary industry is setting the agenda is doubly harmful”

        Vets protect their toxic gold mine and occupy prominent positions inside most racing organizations and meetings to push their agenda. Reforms don’t include most effective abuse/doping/ injury/fatality prevention and basic common sense such as non-stop surveillance of horses, transparency and eventually only racing horses able and willing to compete off-drugs.

  • fb0252

    Excuse my skepticism. Some hesitancy to call post written by someone with credentials a crock.

    What do we have here?

    Another post trending to paranoid hinting everybody cheats. references EPO, steroids–the untold mysterious substances that latest labs are unable to detect–

    and–only the USADA can catch these people since they caught Lance Armstrong 15 years into his career and 5 years after his retirement.

    + horse racing has the unlimited resources necessary to pay the feds.

    The other slippery evil seems to be lack of “Uniform Rules”. Direct attention to Tony Chamblin, – Hay and Water Website–former RCI Pres: “when i left my post 15 yrs later the figure (med rules uniformity among states) had risen from 50% to 90%”.
    We thus had 90% uniformity in the late 1980s to go along with the model rules efforts currently, and, we therefore need the feds. perfect sense

    PETA vid showed no illegals in Asmussen Barn. JC report–last 5 years–total of 40 tests for illegal performance enhancers–something like that. What, besides chasing ghosts, is these people’s real motive?

    • Louisiana rebel

      Yeah and how much money did it cost each one of us for that? No telling. I really think the government should spend OUR money on things with a little more importance than trying to catch a guy running a racehorse on something. To me, we don’t need government involved in this, I’m sure our leaders got a whole list of other things of more importance

      • fb0252

        i can think of quit a few others.

        • betterthannothing

          Louisiana rebel + fb0252: a match made in horse racing hell!

          • Louisiana rebel

            Just because we don’t agree with you, you talk about horse racing hell?
            Your name suits you! I can guarantee that there are more important things for us to be worried about than this. Jobs, education, stopping our leader from trying to make this a socialist country, etc…..
            What do you do with all of the horses that have aches? Give them to you so that you can feed them? Do you even own a racehorse or are you just someone who thinks they know all of the answers? Since you are so for the government overseeing this, have you contacted your local legislation and told them how you feel, or are you one of those people that love to talk about something and not do anything? Which one? What do you propose to do to help the industry since you are such a knowledgeable individual?

          • Gayle Meyers

            You run a horse at the extreme top of his/her ability in a consistent manner, that horse WILL have aches. Then, my dear, it becomes the responsibility of the people who MAKE A LIVING off of running them, to take care of them. Giving them to others and being irresponsible is the status quo, now. No WONDER you don’t want any change in the sport.

          • Louisiana rebel

            Explain what you mean in laymens terms please? I didnt understand your post, sorry. I am an owner, and I can guarantee you my horses get the best care available. But I believe that when you run a horse they should feel as little pain as possible, whatever it takes. That’s humane to me.

      • Vudu

        Congress has better things than this?
        Like 50 mock votes against what is law?

        What have you got against a Plutocracy?

    • Tinky

      “Another post trending to paranoid hinting everybody cheats”

      Strawman. The author suggested nothing of the sort.

      “…only the USADA can catch these people since they caught Lance Armstrong 15 years into his career…”

      Another strawman, coupled with a complete misunderstanding of the cheating/testing dynamic in sports.

      “JC report–last 5 years–what-total of 40 tests for illegal performance enhancers–something like that.”

      Are you really that obtuse? Presumably you would also have been lauding the honesty and transparency of the NSA if it weren’t for Snowden.

      • fb0252

        Strawman? Lol. Is this an admission that ur constant narrative that everybody cheats is a strawperson?

        • Tinky

          I see that self-parody is one of your strong suits.

    • Barry Irwin

      Are you really this naive?

  • jttf

    nice informative article. it sure does sound hopeless in stopping the cheaters. too many different drugs to test for.

    • fb0252

      here’s the problem jttf–and, imo this needs to be put out there–this is a movement for fed legis. by the uninformed, or they have ulterior motives. Why?

      Nobody in his right mind is going to use an illegal performance enhancer on a horse in this day and time. Why is that? Anyone may go on the T-Nation website or google and quickly discover that there are so man LEGAL performance enhancing substances that have been put together by various sports performance labs that illegals are unnecessary and stupid. The LEGALS are primarily nutritional substances–various combos of proteins, hormones, and the like. which enhance athletic performance.

      We are just going to get to the point were a huge and likely unnecessary fortune will be spent chasing illegals and no one will be bothering with them any more due to availability of legals, and then debate will begin anew as to what LEGALS to allow in horses.

      This is what distresses me about this post. I think that lawyer/commissioner is smart and educated enough to know all this, and yet, not a word in his post about what is optimal for the sport, how these issues might be approached rationally and scientifically instead of by supposition and agenda.

      • Hamish

        The uniformed that may have ulterior motives? Who are these folks you refer to and what are their real motives? One thing that you say seems appropriate, and that is that sooner or later the legal coumpounded subtances will be the focus and will then be included on the illegal list.

        • fb0252

          Hello Hamish–human athletes receive every legal nutritional enhancement for performance and injury prevention. Our horses receive hay, oats and water. In caps, call the B.S. So the Q, what is this really about? Who are they. Only confessed one so far is Fred Pope.

  • Richard C

    Stop making sense! You’re making a lot of insiders look bad.

  • Flag Is Up

    Does anyone here truly believe that it’s ever been just hay, oats & water? If there is such a person then I have a real nice piece of swamp land that I’d like to sell you.

    Milkshakes go back decades, machines go back decades and the stories of the great jockeys that rode with them would curl your hair. Since the first person, said my horse is faster than your horse, there have been people trying to cheat! Name me any activity where money or gambling is involved where there hasn’t been cheating.

    There is no hay oats & water solution! The ONLY answer is to rule off forever any trainer that is caught after a first warning and get rid of the fools.

    • Gayle Meyers

      No warnings. ZERO tolerance.

  • jorge

    Bonnie will side with who pays him the most. Always has and always will. Period

    • Hamish

      Are you saying that someone paid Mr. Bonnie to put forward this position paper?

    • Vudu

      An attorney who has opposed federal legislation as a hired gun.

      We are doing the same things again and hoping for a different result.”

      He knows it, but what new thing WILL they do?
      Its probably time to create laws to end corruption.

  • jorge

    Ask him how many positives he has defended???

    • Vudu

      Put it in a player’s perspective:

      When a horse wins a race . . .

      and later they take down that winner because it came up positive –

      where do I collect my money for the selection moved up in DQ?

      • Peyton Charles Lasiter

        There is no provision for that and likely never will be. I guess the players only hope is to stop the cheating before it happens. Players are the bottom of the food chain but provide the nutrition that feeds the entire system.

  • Ned, WHOA seems well intended but again, simply words.

  • crookedstick

    I hope you are able to see leonard Blach in the crowd at this years Derby. He is the owner of Mine That Bird , who recently testified at a Hearing in Roswell NM; on behalf of Valley Meat (Horse slaughter for human consumption.) Valley is a 5 minute jog by horseback behind Blach’s Barn. He was testifying about the safety of Equine Drugs in horsemeat and cited Race Track Clearance Times as equal to Clearance Times in Horsemeat for human Consumption. I think he needs a talking to out behind the barn.

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