The Racing Medication and Testing Consortium (RMTC) has formed a task force to review information on glaucine and address the issue of recent positives for the substance.
Earlier this year, several RMTC-accredited laboratories finalized positive tests for the substance. Glaucine is legally available in several eastern European and western Asian countries. The purported therapeutic effects include bronchodilation and anti-inflammation. In addition, it is reported to be used as a drug of abuse in humans for its psychedelic properties.
Although it has the potential to enhance performance, there is also the possibility of an environmental contamination source to consider – depending on concentrations – as glaucine is found in the Tulip Poplar tree. Wood from the tree is sometimes found in equine bedding made of wood shavings or sawdust. The tree is indigenous to the eastern United States.
Members of the RMTC's Scientific Advisory Committee, including several who have already begun researching the issue, have agreed to participate in this effort. The task force members are:
Dr. Adam Chambers – Ontario Racing Commission
Dr. Scott Stanley – University of California, Davis Maddy Laboratory
Dr. Lynn Hovda – Minnesota Racing Commission
Dr. Mary Robinson – Pennsylvania Equine Toxicology Research Laboratory
Dr. Scott Palmer – New York State Gaming Commission
Dr. Anthony Fontana – Truesdail Laboratories
Al Kind – Texas A & M Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory
The task force will identify existing information, determine what research, if any, needs to be conducted, and develop a plan to address the use of glaucine as a performance enhancer as well as address potential sources of environmental contamination for the compound.
Since glaucine is not currently listed in the ARCI's Uniform Classification Guidelines for Foreign Substances and Recommended Penalties, a recommendation for inclusion in the ARCI guidelines will be considered as well.
The RMTC consists of 23 racing industry stakeholders and organizations that represent Thoroughbred, Standardbred, American Quarter Horse and Arabian racing. The organization works to develop and promote uniform rules, policies and testing standards at the national level; coordinate research and educational programs that seek to ensure the integrity of racing and the health and welfare of racehorses and participants; and protect the interests of the racing public.
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